Feeling the heat

 Blacksburg, Va., Oct 15- Hot Topic: With oceans warming and glaciers melting, global warming is causing temperatures to rise, keeping the heat in Blacksburg with unusual temperatures. Photo: Samantha Hamilton
Blacksburg, Va., Oct 15- Hot Topic: With oceans warming and glaciers melting, global warming is causing temperatures to rise, keeping the heat in Blacksburg with unusual temperatures. Photo: Samantha Hamilton

by Samantha Hamilton–

Evidence of climate change is causing many people to question how much longer life will be sustainable on Earth. According to NASA research, “human activity is the leading cause of climate change rather than Earth’s natural processes.”

Celebrities and politicians are using their platforms to inform audiences about extreme weather events occurring around the world. Encouraging all to adopt a greener lifestyle and decrease the emission of greenhouse gases that pollute our atmosphere. Dr. Lisa Kennedy of the Virginia Tech Department of Geography explains that allowing these gases to occupy our atmosphere is the strongest supporting evidence that humans are responsible for impacting Earth’s climate.

Virginia Tech students organized a campus protest to bring climate change awareness to a local level within the Blacksburg community. Student protester Reiss Gidner says the goal was to get more attention for the need of congressional legislation.

“Not only was it students at Virginia Tech but it was also Blacksburg Highschool students coming together to demand change,” said Reiss Gidner. “We came together with actual demands that resulted in meetings with the board of directors and President Sands to look at what we can change to use renewable energy.”

With all the conversations surrounding climate change, there have been individuals neglecting that the issue is even real.

“People want to criticize anything that isn’t perfect. This scientist says this is going to happen and temperature will rise this much and then this scientist said something else,” Kennedy explains. “They just want to dismiss it all because scientists don’t absolutely agree because every model doesn’t agree, but it’s important to note what the models do agree on…that it’s warming.”

Kennedy thinks individuals overlook the significance of their own efforts to protect the environment since they are only a small part within it. “I really believe that every person counts, and I think sometimes it’s easy to back out of doing anything because we think what good is it? I’m just one person,” said Kennedy.

Gidner believes it’s time to apply pressure on huge corporations that pump pollution into our air and oceans. She says, “until we have economic policies that can influence the environment and get corporations to actively participate in cleaning up the environment, then not using a plastic straw isn’t going to change anything.”

Organizations like 4Ocean created campaigns to raise money to rid our oceans of waste. According to their website, “6,824,167 pounds of trash removed from the oceans by paid 4Ocean employees since 2017 through the sale of our products.”

Global Warming is threatening little time remaining for change. Gidner admits, “I think we have time if we start yesterday. We need to be aware of our carbon footprint early and consistently aware of how all our actions affect the environment.”

Dr. Kennedy and Gidner remain hopeful that through education we can teach our youth to live greener lifestyles and encourage everyone else to do the same. Kennedy says, “We only have one shot, this next generation can help save us.”

Image linked to full version of infographic on Piktochart.com

Otter’s pond visit could be brief

Duck Pond
Blacksburg, Va., April 7 – Duck Pond Otter: An otter has made the Virginia Tech Duck Pond its new home. Photo: Maria Berkowitz

by Maria Berkowitz –

The otter sighting in Virginia Tech’s Duck Pond has generated a large social media reaction from students and faculty. After Virginia Tech released pictures of the animal on the university’s Twitter and official Instagram page, everyone is wondering how and why the otter got in the pond.

According to the Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries, in 1978 otters were listed as state endangered because “the clearing of stream banks, pollution, and overharvest virtually extirpated them from the western portion of the state.” However, in 1990 the animal was removed from the list due to improvement of stream habitats and efforts to supplement the natural migration of otters back to western Virginia.

Otters rarely appear in the Duck Pond and are more common in the New River. According to The Virginia Living Museum, “River otters inhabit a variety of habitats along rivers, lakes, streams, marshes, and coastal shorelines. This makes the campus landmark a natural habitat for the animal.

Wildlife Conservation student Taina McLeod says, “the Duck Pond is attached to a larger river system and there’s a good chance he just wandered in knowing there’s fish and other food.”

Appalachian Wildlife Management owner, Rudi Woykowski, says the otter most likely won’t stay long because of the lack of mates and because it will deplete its food resources.

While many are excited for the arrival of a new animal in the Duck Pond, Woykowski suggests that it might cause conflict between humans and wildlife. He says, “negative impacts with the otter are going to be a human fisherman getting injured or the otter getting hit by a car because of the proximity to the road.”

Moreover, the otter will impact the Duck Pond’s ecosystem because the animal will be at the top of the food chain.

McLeod says people walking around the Duck Pond probably won’t scare the otter away but bringing dogs to the pond might.

Woykowski warns not to feed or interact with otter because even though they are intelligent and playful creatures, they can quickly turn aggressive.

Taina McLeod
Blacksburg, Va., April 7 – Taina McLeod: McLeod is a Virginia Tech student studying wildlife conservation. Photo credit: Maria Berkowitz

Blacksburg, Va., April 7 – Rudi Woykowski: Woykowski the owner of Appalachian Wildlife Management. Photo credit: Maria Berkowitz

Push for more women in STEM

BLACKSBURG, Va., March. 4—WORK SPACE: Fralin Hall is one of the Life Science Institute buildings at Virginia Tech where biology research labs can be found.

by Ayveri Lane–

Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) have always been important fields in the world. Professionals in this field provide us with everyday needs. But, there have not been nearly enough women involved with STEM.

According to National Girls Collaborative Project website, women only makeup 29 percent of the science and engineering workforce. While women are interested in sciences, they often shy away from STEM fields.

Virginia Tech Assistant Professor of Paleo Biology Michelle Stocker sees the underrepresentation of women.

“Science in general needs more women. In life sciences there tends to be more students and faculty, but physical sciences are behind that,” said Stocker.

While there is an underrepresentation in higher job fields, Stocker believes at the undergraduate there is a more level playing field.

Recent graduate from the College of Science, Taylor Adams, can attest to this.

“When I graduated, I feel like there was a good mix between males and females in the graduating class, and it did a lot to disprove the stigma that males dominate in the STEM fields,” said Adams.

In order to encourage women to become involved with sciences, it has started to be introduced in the classroom. It allows girls to explore areas of research they may otherwise be turned away from.

According to STEM Revolution, a flipped classroom, in which students learn hands-on and in teams, cultivates the best environment.

Outside of the classroom, media has also attempted to be more gender inclusive. Adams, has noticed this in show’s such as Grey’s Anatomy.

“It portrays women in a very positive light in the medical field. I think stuff like that really shows how media is pushing forward women in the STEM fields,” said Adams.

Adams also believes kids shows such as Magic School Bus, which have a female teacher in charge, help to end the male dominated stigma.

While there have many strides to make STEM more accessible, Stocker believes there is still room for improvement.

“You have to step out of [your bubble] and see what the public as a whole is exposed to. There is still a lot of gendered clothing and portrayals,” said Stocker.

As the public becomes more aware, STEM will become a more gender inclusive environment where women can feel comfortable thriving.

Michelle Stocker, Assistant Professor of Paleo Biology 

SCI/TECH: Augmented reality makes its way into daily lives

by Christina Dougherty, Brenda Nguyen—

Photo on Fotor.com









Augmented reality is merging its way into everyday technology, providing more accessibility and convenience to users.

Augmented reality is when technology can produce computer-generated images on a user’s view of the real world. Though seemingly advanced, this technology is now available on most smartphones.

The world was introduced to an app in 2016 called “Pokémon Go”, an interactive game that allows players to “catch” the creatures in their area. This app gained great success, and really introduced augmented reality to a wide range of people.

Augmented reality is not only good for entertainment purposes, but for convenience as well. These apps are downloaded with a simple click on your smartphone. Augmented Reality is making its way into medicine as well, changing the way surgeons perform medical procedures.

Join us in this podcast as we discuss how augmented reality became well-known and to where the technology is expanding into our lives now.

A powerful marketing tool

Blacksburg, Va., April 22 – Apps: Popularity of social media applications continues to grow. Along with their rise, small businesses owners must learn how to market their businesses appropriately on different platforms. Photo: Molly Bryant


by Molly Bryant–

The rise of social media has made it essential for small businesses to consider using platforms like Facebook, Instagram and Twitter as powerful marketing tools for their success. According to research done on Statista, the United States has the largest social media advertising market in the world and Sprout Social says 94 percent of small businesses are now using social media.

While it is a step in the right direction for small businesses to create platforms to keep consumers informed, it is also essential to now use those same pages to promote their businesses. Posts with promotional pieces, giveaways and current deals are just a few ways to use social media for marketing. By posting incentives for customers, businesses can see a rise in sales and customer traffic both in stores and online.

Dr. Doris Kincade, a professor at Virginia Tech, teaches a course called “Small Business Apparel” in which she teaches students what it takes to start-up a small business of their own. One of the topics she covers in the course deals with the most beneficial marketing tools for small businesses, and how to make the most of what is available while still remaining conscious of the tight budget that comes along with starting a small business.

According to Kincade, the popularity of social media and the number of users it has today influenced her to incorporate a social media marketing lecture into her class syllabus.

“Social media can be an inexpensive way to reach lots of potential customers. Be sure to know your customer and tailor your marketing to the customer,” Kincade says.

As Kincade emphasizes to her students, social media has become so powerful because of the number of people it has the ability to reach. According to a recent study, there are 2.46 billion active social media users and the average internet user has eight social media accounts.

Virginia Tech student Steven Nguyen says social media has become an integral part of promoting his family’s business.

“My family owns a nail salon in the Northern Virginia area. Since nail salons are so popular, it can be really hard to work up a reputation good enough for people to choose your business over another that offers the same services in the same area,” Nguyen says.

Nguyen created and now runs the social media accounts for the family’s nail salon. Between Facebook and Instagram alone, he truly believes the salon has seen a steady increase in business since the pages have been up and running.

By creating posts about promotions and weekly specials, Nguyen has learned the do’s and don’ts of advertising on social media.

“I have really figured out the best ways to draw attention to our nail salon to make it the most appealing it can be to customers,” he says. Nguyen emphasizes the great impact social media has had on the family business and recommends that others learn the best ways to promote their businesses as well.

As social media continues to grow, it is vital that small business owners educate themselves on its benefits. It not only allows the business to promote itself but also reaches more people than any other form of marketing. Social media is becoming essential to a business’s success and survival.

Social Media Marketing Tool

SCI/TECH: SpaceX’s next steps

by Amber Miller, Stephen Newman, Ryan Dye–

launch-rocket-skyPhoto on Foter.com

Space exploration leader SpaceX recently used a rocket to send a supply capsule to the International Space Station…for the second time.

The Block 4 Falcon 9 rocket was first launched into space in April of 2017. After detaching from the cargo it was carrying, it was guided down and landed on an un-manned SpaceX drone ship off the coast of Florida.

The rocket was then recovered, refurbished and sent into space again earlier this week. And just as the first time, it landed bullseye on the ship.

These rockets were only designed to be launched up to two times, but SpaceX will next launch the Block 5 Falcon 9 rocket, which according to Elon Musk can potentially be relaunched up to 100 times.

This breakthrough could dramatically cut the cost of space exploration and could lead to Musk’s ultimate goal of putting one million people on Mars in the next 40-100 years.

SCI/TECH: Does privacy exist in the digital age?

by Josh Henry, Cathrine Irvin, Miguel Pineda–

Young hipster worker typing on laptop keyboard in office
Photo via Foter.com

On March 17 the world learned, again, that your private information online isn’t always kept that way. The New York Times and UK’s The Guardian reported that the voter profiling company Cambridge Analytica had hijacked information from over 50 million facebook users to create tactics used to benefit political campaigns in 2014 and 2016. Psychological profiles were amassed and passed around to the campaigns Cambridge Analytica was paid to support.

We now live in an era where breaches of privacy are becoming more and more common as technology advances and companies seek to find new ways to make money. Your smartphone can hear you, Amazon Alexa can laugh at you, and if you search hard enough for something it will eventually pop up in an add.

In this new age of technology people value their privacy more and more. In this week’s science and technology podcast Josh, Catherine, and Miguel go over the idea of modern privacy and if what is happening with technology is changing the definition of it.

SCI/TECH: iPhone X redefines technology

by Harvey Creasy, Mary Desmond, Alexis Johnson–

Photo credit: MarkGregory007 via Foter.com / CC BY-NC-SA


Every fall, Silicon Valley tech giant Apple, Inc., unveils new products. This fall, the iPhone X [read: iPhone 10] was released — in addition to several other products. While the other new phones and computers were more customary updates to old devices, the iPhone X is entirely new. A larger screen, a glass back, and for the first time ever, no home button.

Many customers were just getting used to Apple’s 2013 home button, which integrated a fingerprint scanner. This allowed the phone’s owner to unlock it without entering a pass code. Without a button to scan fingerprints, how will iPhone X owners unlock their phones securely and with ease? Now, they’ll use their face.

The newest iPhone uses an infrared camera sensor to detect the owner’s unique facial features. This change will take more getting used to by Apple users, but the company is confident people will adjust.

A new iPhone X starts at $999 and comes in two colors — white and space gray.


It’s the end of the library as we know it

by Humberto Zarco–

Blacksburg, Va., Oct. 22 – Design the Future: The 3-D Design Studio at Newman Library offers patrons free access to 3-D printers and 3-D printing workshops. It is one of seven cutting-edge studios meant to give patrons a space to collaborate and create.

BLACKSBURG, Va. – For many, the perception is that in the digital age, the library is still just a place with bookshelves. Virginia Tech librarian Craig Arthur is working to change that at his alma mater.

Arthur, a first-year experience and community engagement librarian, believes Newman Library is becoming a place where students not only receive information but also create it. “We’re trying to position ourselves as not only the place that has the resources you need for your research,” Arthur said. “But also the place for collaboration and creation.”

Newman Library is home to an impressive collection of traditional resources like books, newspapers, magazines and DVDs. But it has also made a concerted effort going forward to provide access to non-traditional resources like museum-caliber exhibits, sound booths and seven specialized, cutting-edge studios that are accessible to all library patrons.

For example, the 3-D Design Studio provides free access to 3-D printers and 3-D printing workshops. Another studio provides various virtual reality and augmented reality experiences. Patrons can even design and test out their own VR and AR prototype projects. The fact that Silicon Valley-based Oculus, a company specializing in VR has made 100 of their Rift headsets and compatible PCs in 90 libraries throughout California to increase exposure to VR is a testament to its potential in the near future.

Newman Library also offers patrons amenities like a cafe, group study rooms and a nap pod located on the second floor. The nap pod was added earlier this year, and is especially useful for busy, sleep-deprived college students looking for a boost. According to the National Sleep Foundation, college students need seven to nine hours of sleep to function properly, but most only get about six.

Library graphic design specialist Trevor Finney believes this blend of the old and the new is the future of libraries and allows students to discover, envision and invent all under one roof. “The reimagining of that for the digital age is not so much a reimagining as it just a small shift,” Finney said. Ideally, patrons can use the traditional resources to discover, the cafe or nap pod to envision, and the studios to invent. “The library is the place where possibility lives,” Finney said.

However, libraries across the country are in trouble financially. The fact that so many books and articles are accessible via smartphone has disrupted their business. President Trump’s proposed budget would eliminate virtually all federal library funding, according to a 2017 Publishers Weekly article.

Craig Arthur believes the key to making libraries destinations again is becoming all-in-one spaces for learning, creating and sharing, and responding to student feedback. “I can think I know what students want,” Arthur said. “But unless I really ask them, I won’t know.”


Hokies versus Hurricanes

by Harvey Creasey–

Richmond, Va., Oct. 12 — Accepting Awards     Undergraduate researchers Hisyam Mohsin and Sophia Lee accept an award on behalf of the Flint Water Study Team. Photo courtesy of Sophia Lee.


Virginia Tech’s commitment to research and aid throughout the water crisis in Flint, Michigan, brought national attention to the university and its research team. With civil engineering professor Dr. Marc Edwards at the helm, the Flint study team is expanding its reach to areas affected by recent natural disasters.

In the last two months, the United States has seen Hurricane Harvey rip through Texas, Hurricane Irma ravage Florida, and Hurricane Maria topple much of Puerto Rico. In fact, according to CNN, Puerto Ricans have resorted to knowingly consuming potentially dangerous water in the storm’s aftermath.

But the Hokie team, which helped to blow the whistle on hazardous levels of lead in Flint’s tap water, is now taking samples from wells in Houston and parts of Florida. Already, samples from Houston wells have tested positive for E. coli, as well as fecal indicator bacteria.

“The immediate reaction is to send tons of bottled water so people don’t have to deal with this,” said Sophia Lee, one of the undergraduates on the research team. “At the end of the day, we need a solution.”

The E. coli and other bacteria infiltrating Texas drinking water is a direct result of flooding and runoff, and likely damage and breaking of pipes and wells. According to Texas A&M University, Virginia Tech’s partner in the Hurricane Harvey research, more than one million Texas cattle have died as a result of affected water. While humans have not been affected to the same degree, the chemical change in the water is significant.

In addition to working with Texas A&M, the research team has also partnered with the University of Florida to gather and analyze water samples. Members also still make frequent trips to Flint, which, according to Dr. Edwards, is improving.

“It is difficult to be working on so many places at one time,” said Hisyam Mohsin, another of the undergraduate researchers. Mohsin and Lee received the Community Engagement Award at the University Professional and Continuing Education Association (UPCEA) conference this month.

As was true for residents of Flint, residents of the hurricane-affected areas in Texas and Florida have received national support and resources. Tech’s research team will require another grant to work on Puerto Rico, however. According to Lee and Mohsin, the desire to help is no weaker for the US territory.


UPDATE: As of Tuesday, October 24, the Research Team will start testing samples from Puerto Rico. More details to come.


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Click the photo to view the full infographic on Infogram.com